Clean Air Asia developed a comprehensive analysis tool for understanding the air quality management status in cities – the Clean Air Scorecard tool (CAST). CAST is an excel-based tool which incorporates three indices: (i) Air Pollution and Health, (ii) Clean Air Management Capacity, and (iii) Clean Air Policies and Actions, which taken together give the AQM status of a city.
In 2017, A two- day capacity-building workshop was carried out in Bhubaneswar in the month of December. The workshop was held with the support of local partners Ganapati Sabata Foundation (GSF) and Biotic and Environmental Reserve Foundation (BERF). It was attended by 29 participants from different sectors like the Odisha State Pollution Control Board, West Bengal State Pollution Control Board, NGO’s, clinical research experts, and technical organizations. The workshop included both technical and brainstorming sessions to devise clean air action plans for Indian cities. The technical sessions addressed, air quality monitoring solutions; Clean Air Asia’s Cities Certification Program with a special emphasis on the importance of air quality data and the need for effective communication; air pollution, health effects and impacts, and air quality management in the cities of Bhubaneswar and Kolkata.
A. Air Action Plan
Air Action Plan are set of measures and initiatives that the State Governments and Departments along with the inclusion of NGOs and CSOs undertake to provide a clean and healthy environment to the citizens as envisaged in the Constitution of India.
Key Recommendation, Observations and Action Plan
This is a review report of year 2019-20, on what measures have been implemented, which are in progress.
a. Bhubaneswar has identified seven smart city pillars which align the citizen’s aspirations and needs with city systems.
Several smart city initiatives are already underway in Bhubaneswar
B. Monitoring Network of the city
There are 6 manual monitoring station in the City of Bhubaneswar set up by the Odisha State Pollution Control Board
The OSPCB has updated the Air Quality data on their website till September 2019
C. Government Policies, Acts, Laws, Press Release
It is the Principal Act enacted in pursuance of the Stockholm Declaration, 1972 for prevention, control, and abatement of Air Pollution. They were amended in 1987 giving the Pollution Control Boards more authority and power.
Rules were enacted to support the Principal Act in better management and control of Air Pollution
D. State and National Set Standards
Ambient air quality refers to the condition or quality of air surrounding us in the outdoors. National Ambient Air Quality Standards are the standards for ambient air quality set by Central Pollution Control board (CPCB) that is applicable nationwide. The CPCB has been conferred this power by the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
A. Source Apportionment Study
GreenPeace did an assessment of all the non- attainment cities of India, which Bhubaneswar is also a part. It has been observed that the air pollution trends during first and last quarter is higher.
Urban Emission an organisation founded and headed by Sarath Guttikunda, did a study under their Air Pollution Knowledge Assessment (APnA) city program. The study shows that for efficient Air Quality monitoring the city needs at least 22 continuous air monitoring stations. The key pollution contributor is transport sector.
B. Pervious Year Trend
http://ospcboard.org/wp-content/plugins/publication//uploads/files_1487926273_28003.pdf (Data from 2004-2016) (Part – II)
A. City-specific studies
The study analyses the variation of Particulate Matter over the coastal Indian station and capital of Odisha, Bhubaneswar. The analysis show that the levels of PM is higher the January, November and May and the least in July.
The study is done to identify the sources of air pollution. The air quality of Bhubaneswar has deteriorated significantly due to rapid urbanisation, vehicular traffic, and industrial activities. It was also observed that the concentration of Suspended Particulate Matter and Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter is higher in pre monsoon and post monsoon season.
Black carbon (BC) mass concentration variation has been studied, over a period of 2 years (June 2010–May 2012) at Bhubaneswar. The study also gives an insight into importance of BC study from health angle and suggests an assessment and management framework. Source apportionment study suggests that BC mass concentration observed at Bhubaneswar is generally dominated by fossil fuel combustion.
The study summarises the continuous measurement of daytime Ozone for the year December 2009 to January 2011. The seasonal variation shows distinct daytime ozone maxima during winter with peak in January, a slight increase in June and least in August.
The study analysis the physical and chemical characterisation of Suspended Particulate Matter. It has been observed that air pollution load was minimum due to washing effect as well as movement of air mass. Concentration of SPM is greatly influenced by meteorological parameters like wind directions, wind speed and temperature.
Precipitation samples collected during 2005–2009 from a rural forest station of Bhubaneswar were analyzed for their chemical composition. Source apportionments were also carried for the ions. Trend analysis showed continuous increase in most of the ions over years during the study period driven by anthropogenic emissions. Statistical/factorial analysis established correlation among different ions.
A.Urban Local Bodies notification on Air
B.Communication Portal for local government (e – governance)
C. Public engagement activities.
A. CAST Study
B. Technical Knowledge Sharing
A. Way Forward
B. Tool Kit