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Clean Air Scorecard Air Quality Management Assessment

Clean Air Asia developed a comprehensive analysis tool for understanding the air quality management status in cities – the Clean Air Scorecard tool (CAST). CAST is an excel-based tool which incorporates three indices: (i) Air Pollution and Health, (ii) Clean Air Management Capacity, and (iii) Clean Air Policies and Actions, which taken together give the AQM status of a city.


  • Air Pollution and Health Index: Poor
  • City Air Management Capacity: Limited
  • Clean Air Policies and actions: Moderate
  • Overall Score: Developing

Capacity Building Workshop for Air Action Plans in Indian Cities (Dec 2017)

In 2017,  A two- day capacity-building workshop was carried out in Bhubaneswar in the month of December. The  workshop was held with the support of local partners Ganapati Sabata Foundation (GSF) and Biotic and Environmental Reserve Foundation (BERF). It was attended by 29 participants from different sectors like the Odisha State Pollution Control Board, West Bengal State Pollution Control Board, NGO’s, clinical research experts, and technical organizations. The workshop included both technical and brainstorming sessions to devise clean air action plans for Indian cities. The technical sessions addressed, air quality monitoring solutions; Clean Air Asia’s Cities Certification Program with a special emphasis on the importance of air quality data and the need for effective communication; air pollution, health effects and impacts, and air quality management in the cities of Bhubaneswar and Kolkata.

Latest News

  • State Pollution Control Board, Odisha has requested Clean Air Asia to prepare an Air Quality Management action plan for Bhubaneswar City.

  • To expand ongoing work under the organization’s agreement with the city government, Clean Air Asia installed two air quality monitoring sensors at DAV Public School, Chandrashekharpur in Bhubaneswar. The school is located in one of the busiest roads of the city with visibly fewer green areas in the surroundings along with many other schools in the same area. The installed sensors measure PM 1, PM 2.5, PM 10 and tell the AQI. The aim is to co-relate data coming from schools near road traffic issues with health impacts on children.

Guidance Framework

Is a Framework prepared through a series of consultations by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Clean Air Asia was developed to provide guidance in implementing the long-term vision for urban air quality in Asia.

A. Air Action Plan

  • Comprehensive Action Plan for Clean Air for Non – Attainment Cities of Odisha (Bhubaneshwar), December 2018

Air Action Plan are set of measures and initiatives that the State Governments and Departments along with the inclusion of NGOs and CSOs undertake to provide a clean and healthy environment to the citizens as envisaged in the Constitution of India.

Key Recommendation, Observations and Action Plan

  1. Study on the air quality data and areas which need to be focused on
  2. Policy measures to reduce emission from industries and energy sector.
  3. Clean Fuel strategy for transport as well as energy sector.
  4. Formulation of a Graded Response Action Plan.


  • Report on the Implementation of the Comprehensive Action Plan for Clean Air for Non – Attainment Cities of Odisha (Bhubaneswar) (Page 45- 52)

This is a review report of year 2019-20, on what measures have been implemented, which are in progress.


  • Smart City Proposal


a. Bhubaneswar has identified seven smart city pillars which align the citizen’s aspirations and needs with city systems.

    1. Governance, including citizen participation and intelligent government services
    2. City planning and design
    3. Urban utilities (water, smart waste management, sanitation and waste water management, energy, and ICT / IT connectivity)
    4. Urban mobility, including street design and public transport
    5. Shelter, with a focus on inclusive housing
    6. Economic development, economy, and employment
    7. Social development, including identity and culture, education, health, open spaces, safety and security, and air quality



  • Smart City Initiatives

Several smart city initiatives are already underway in Bhubaneswar

  1. M – Office BMC, it’s an app which enables BMC authorities to resolve issues raised by citizens more easily. Officials are notified about the issues/complaints in real time and can track them via the app until they are resolved.
  2. E – Municipality Services, this project will implement the Municipal e-Governance Application Software System in all Odisha’s urban local bodies (ULBs) and integrate it with existing software applications to improve citizen service delivery, transparency, accountability, and responsiveness.
  3. My City My Pride, the app aims to better connect citizens with the city to tackle common problems related to health, sanitation, waste management and sewerage systems etc. Through the mobile app and website, citizens can track the status of their complaints and learn about other issues in the area.


B. Monitoring Network of the city

There are 6 manual monitoring station in the City of Bhubaneswar set up by the Odisha State Pollution Control Board

  1. SPCB Office Building, Nayapalli
  2. IRC Village, Nayapalli
  3. Capital Police Station, Unit – I
  4. Palasuni Water Works
  5. Patrapada
  6. Chandrasekharpur

The OSPCB has updated the Air Quality data on their website till September 2019

  • Odisha Pollution Control Board has proposed to install 8 Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitors in the State.


C. Government Policies, Acts, Laws, Press Release

  1. Central Acts
  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, amended 1987,

It is the Principal Act enacted in pursuance of the Stockholm Declaration, 1972 for prevention, control, and abatement of Air Pollution. They were amended in 1987 giving the Pollution Control Boards more authority and power.


  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1982

Rules were enacted to support the Principal Act in better management and control of Air Pollution


  1. State Acts, Law, Policies, and Initiative
  • Orrisa Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1983


D. State and National Set Standards

  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards, 2009.

Ambient air quality refers to the condition or quality of air surrounding us in the outdoors. National Ambient Air Quality Standards are the standards for ambient air quality set by Central Pollution Control board (CPCB) that is applicable nationwide. The CPCB has been conferred this power by the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

A. Source Apportionment Study 

  • The Odisha Pollution Control Board has taken initiative to outsource the Source Apportionment Study and Emission Inventory procedure.

Organisation Studies


  • GreenPeace, Airpocalypse Report II – Assessment of Air Pollution in Indian Cities, January 2018

GreenPeace did an assessment of all the non- attainment cities of India, which Bhubaneswar is also a part. It has been observed that the air pollution trends during first and last quarter is higher.


  • Urban Emission under their programme Air Pollution Knowledge Assessment (APnA), 2017, have conducted source apportionment study for the city of Bhubaneshwar.

Urban Emission an organisation founded and headed by Sarath Guttikunda, did a study under their Air Pollution Knowledge Assessment (APnA) city program. The study shows that for efficient Air Quality monitoring the city needs at least 22 continuous air monitoring stations. The key pollution contributor is transport sector.

B. Pervious Year Trend

  • AAQ Status and Trends in Odisha 2006 – 2014, Bhubaneshwar (15 – 30) (Part – I) (Data from 2004-2016) (Part – II)


  • Ambient Noise Level and Air Quality During Deepawali, 2016 of Major Cities and Towns of Odisha (Bhubaneswar Page 7 – 8)


  • Odisha Envis website has published Ambient Air Quality Data from the year 1990 to 2015, along with trend graphs for annual NOx, RSPM, SPM and SO for the last 10 years (2005 – 2015)

A. City-specific studies

  • Evaluating the variability, transport, and periodicity of particulate matter over city Bhubaneswar, a tropical station of eastern India, SN Applied Sciences – Saroj Kumar Sahu, Bhishma Tyagi, Chimmay Pradhan, Gufran Beig, 1st April, 2019

The study analyses the variation of Particulate Matter over the coastal Indian station and capital of Odisha, Bhubaneswar. The analysis show that the levels of PM is higher the January, November and May and the least in July.

  • Assessment of Ambient Air Quality Index (AQI) in Bhubaneswar, the Capity City of Odisha, International Journal of Advance Research in Science and Engineering, June 2014 – K. Mohapatra and S.K.Biswal

The study is done to identify the sources of air pollution. The air quality of Bhubaneswar has deteriorated significantly due to rapid urbanisation, vehicular traffic, and industrial activities. It was also observed that the concentration of Suspended Particulate Matter and Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter is higher in pre monsoon and post monsoon season.

  • Variation in black carbon mass concentration over an urban site in the eastern coastal plains of the Indian sub-continent, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, August 2013 – Parth S. Mahapatra, Sipra Panda, Namrata Das, Satyajit Rath and Trupti Das

Black carbon (BC) mass concentration variation has been studied, over a period of 2 years (June 2010–May 2012) at Bhubaneswar. The study also gives an insight into importance of BC study from health angle and suggests an assessment and management framework. Source apportionment study suggests that BC mass concentration observed at Bhubaneswar is generally dominated by fossil fuel combustion.

  • Surface Ozone variation at Bhubaneswar and intra-corelationship study with various parameters, Journal of Earth System Science, October 2012 – P.S.Mahapatra, J Jena, H, Srichandan, T. Das, G. Roy Chaudhary and S.N.Das

The study summarises the continuous measurement of daytime Ozone for the year December 2009 to January 2011. The seasonal variation shows distinct daytime ozone maxima during winter with peak in January, a slight increase in June and least in August.

  • Urban air-quality assessment and source apportionment studies for Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, July 2012 – Parth Sarathi Mahapatra, Sanak Ray, Namrata Das, Ayusman Mohanty

The study analysis the physical and chemical characterisation of Suspended Particulate Matter. It has been observed that air pollution load was minimum due to washing effect as well as movement of air mass. Concentration of SPM is greatly influenced by meteorological parameters like wind directions, wind speed and temperature.

  • Trend in chemical composition of precipitation during 2005-2009 at a rural station of Bhubaneswar, eastern India, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, March 2012 – Namrata Das, Saroj Sundar Baral, Parth Sarathi Mahapatra, Trupti Das, Gautam Roy Choudhary, Surendra Nath Das

Precipitation samples collected during 2005–2009 from a rural forest station of Bhubaneswar were analyzed for their chemical composition. Source apportionments were also carried for the ions. Trend analysis showed continuous increase in most of the ions over years during the study period driven by anthropogenic emissions. Statistical/factorial analysis established correlation among different ions.

  1. News articles
  • Bhubaneswar Smart City chief seeks more cycles under clean air initiatives, ET Government, 26th June 2020

  • Coronavirus effect: Bhubaneswar breathes clean air as pollution drops by 60 per cent, The New Indian Express, 8th May, 2020

  • Air Quality has improved in Odisha after lockdown, says SPCB study, The Hindu, 3rd May, 2020

  • BBSR needs more native trees to curb air pollution, The Pioneer, 13th April, 2020

  • BMC asks civil officials to take bicycle to office to curb pollution in Bhubaneswar, ANI, 14th December, 2019

  • Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation joins ‘BreatheLife’ to check air pollution, The New Indian Express, 12th December, 2019

  • Bhubaneswar to go for real-time monitoring of pollution level, The New Indian Express, 2nd December, 2019

  • Pollution source study in seven urban areas soon, The New Indian Express, 29th November, 2019

  • Bhubaneswar’s air quality index “satisfactory”, Prameya News, 26th November, 2019

  • Air Pollution in Odisha’s Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, and Rourkela higher than Bangalore, Raipur and Mumbai!, OdishaTv, 23rd November, 2019

  • Air Quality in Bhubaneswar satisfactory: OSPCB, The New Indian Express, 6th November, 2019

  • Fog or ‘Hazardous’ Air Pollution in Bhubaneswar?, Odisha Bytes, 5th November, 2019

  • Skymet says Bhubaneswar air quality ‘hazardous’, IMD denies, OrissaPost, 2nd November, 2019

  • CO, O3 pollutants higher in Bhubaneswar air than Delhi, OdishaTv, 19th October, 2019

  • Six Towns of Odisha under NAAQS non – attainment cities, OrissaPost, 18th September, 2019

  • Clean Air Plans for Cities, Tathya, 15th September, 2019

  • House panel meet on pollution in Odisha, New Indian Express, 28th August, 2019

  • Odisha: Clean Air Plan on Priority Action Agenda of the Government, Report Odisha, 13th July, 2019

  • More greenbelts needed for Bhubaneswar air quality, The Pioneer, 05th June 2019

  • Poison in the Air: Six Odisha Cities most polluted among 102 in India, Odisha Bytes, 05th June, 2019

  • Odisha marks World Environment Day 2019, by flagging of the Comprehensive Action Plan for Clean Air for Non – attainment Cities of Odisha, 4th June, 2019

  • Post – Diwali pollution level increases in Bhubaneswar, Time of India, 8th November, 2018

  • Bhubaneswar Smart City acts on air pollution, The Telegraph Online, 19th October, 2018

  • Capital pollution information now on display, Times of India, 17th October, 2018


  • Mechanical sweeping on Bhubaneswar roads launched to check air pollution, OdishaTv, 2nd October, 2018          


  • Odisha: Clean e-Bhubaneswar Project website and toll-free number launched, Orissadiary, 12th January, 2018

  • Air Pollution in Bhubaneswar alarming, Times of India, 22nd April, 2015

  • Bhubaneswar needs strong action to stave off looming pollution, energy guzzling and congestion, says latest analysis by Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), 20th August, 2013

A.Urban Local Bodies notification on Air

Not available.

B.Communication Portal for local government (e – governance)

  • Odisha Pollution Control Board has a public complaint platform, where one can file complaints against Air, Water, Sound, Air Quality in non-attainment cities

C. Public engagement activities.

A. CAST Study 

B. Technical Knowledge Sharing

A. Way Forward 

B. Tool Kit