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Nagpur

Clean Air Scorecard Air Quality Management Assessment

Clean Air Asia developed a comprehensive analysis tool for understanding the air quality management status in cities – the Clean Air Scorecard tool (CAST). CAST is an excel-based tool which incorporates three indices: (i) Air Pollution and Health, (ii) Clean Air Management Capacity, and (iii) Clean Air Policies and Actions, which taken together give the AQM status of a city.

Results

  • Air Pollution and Health Index: Very Poor
  • City Air Management Capacity: Good
  • Clean Air Policies and actions: Moderate
  • Overall Score: Emerging

Consultative Stakeholder Meeting on Air Quality Solutions for Nagpur City

The consultation was held with the support of local partner Centre for Sustainable Development (CfSD), Nagpur in December, 2017. The consultation sought to facilitate a dialogue with city officials on innovations in technology for Air Quality Management for the city. The discussion was based on three thematic threads; (i) Integrated Monitoring Solutions for Assessing Air Quality; (ii) Initiatives to Facilitate Air Action Priorities and (iii) Innovative Transport Strategies for Mainstreaming Air Quality into Urban Development. The consultation was attended by officials from the city government, the smart cities mission and representative from NEERI amongst others.

Latest News

  • In order to expand the scope of activities in Nagpur, Clean Air Asia has installed 5 air quality monitoring sensors in 2 schools of the city with the purpose of creating awareness among students and parents and conducting a health analysis with the data in the future. Clean Air Asia also conducted a perception survey on air pollution in the city to understand what the citizens think and know about the air they breathe.

Guidance Framework

Is a Framework prepared through a series of consultations by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Clean Air Asia was developed to provide guidance in implementing the long-term vision for urban air quality in Asia.

A. Air Action Plan

  • Nagpur Clean Air Action Plan

Air Action Plan are set of measures and initiatives that the State Governments and Departments along with the inclusion of NGOs and CSOs undertake to provide a clean and healthy environment to the citizens as envisaged in the Constitution of India.

The Nagpur City Action Plan has laid down short- term and long-term plans for tackling pollution in the city. Under various had such as tackling vehicle emission, industrial pollution there mix of short – term and long – term plans. They are plans to mitigate resuspension of dust, road design improvement, burning of open waste, construction and demolition activities etc.

https://www.mpcb.gov.in/sites/default/files/pollution-index/severly-report/Nagpur_Action_Plan07112019.pdf

 

  • Smart City Plan

Under the Government of India Smart City Mission, Nagpur is one of 100 cities which has been chosen. In the approach of the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and decent quality life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas to make them more citizen friendly and self-sustainable.

 

The implementation of the plan is divided into Area Based plan and Pan City Plan.

 

Key Ideas and Observations

  1. Improve the lives by transforming Nagpur into Smart and Sustainable City.
  2. Promote mixed land use in area-based development planning for unplanned area containing a range of compatible activities and land uses.
  3. Apply smart solutions to infrastructure and services in area-based development in order to make them better.
  4. Housing and inclusiveness expand housing opportunities for all.
  5. Create walkable localities, reduce congestion, air pollution and resource depletion.
  6. Preserve and develop open spaces – parks, playgrounds, recreational spaces in order to enhance the quality of life of citizen.
  7. Promote a variety of transport options – Transit Oriented Development (TOD), public transport and last mile para – transport connectivity.
  8. Making governance citizen friendly and cost effective.

https://nsscdcl.org/documents/Nagpur-Smart-City-Proposal.pdf

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/

 

B. Monitoring Network of the city

The city has 1 Continuous Ambient Air Monitoring Station installed by the Central Pollution Control Board and 4 Manual Ambient Air Monitoring Station installed by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board 

  1. IOE North Ambazari Road
  2. MIDC Office, Hingna Road
  3. Government Polytechnic College, Sadar
  4. Civil Lines Nagpur
  5. Nagpur CAAQMS (Divisional Commissioner Office)

 

Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, has published annual reports of the Air Monitoring upto 2018 – 2019

https://mpcb.gov.in/focus-area/reports-documents/air

C. Government Policies, Acts, Laws, Press Release

1.Central Acts

  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, amended 1987,

It is the Principal Act enacted in pursuance of the Stockholm Declaration, 1972 for prevention, control, and abatement of Air Pollution. They were amended in 1987 giving the Pollution Control Boards more authority and power.

http://moef.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/No_14_1981.pdf

 

  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1982

Rules were enacted to support the Principal Act in better management and control of Air Pollution

http://moef.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/GSR_712E.pdf

 

2.State Act, Policies and Laws

  • Maharashtra Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules, 1983

http://www.bareactslive.com/MAH/mh586.htm

  • The entire state of Maharashtra has been declared as Air Pollution Control Area since 06/11/1996. The Board is also functioning as the State Board under section 5 of the Air (P&CP) Act, 1981.

https://mpcb.gov.in/

  • The Maharashtra Star Rating Program is a transparency initiative by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB). The program discloses information on industrial particulate matter air pollution in an understandable manner. The least polluting industries are rated 5-stars and the most polluting industries are rated 1-star. In this manner, the general public can easily monitor industrial air pollution in their city.

https://mpcb.info/

 

D. State and National Set Standards

  • National Ambient Air Quality Standards, 2009

Ambient air quality refers to the condition or quality of air surrounding us in the outdoors. National Ambient Air Quality Standards are the standards for ambient air quality set by Central Pollution Control board (CPCB) that is applicable nationwide. The CPCB has been conferred this power by the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

http://moef.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Recved_national.pdf

A. Source Apportionment Study 

  • Source Apportionment of PM5 using a CMB model for a centrally located Indian city, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, Volume 14 Issue 3, April 2014 – Pradeep Pipalatkar, Vaishali V. Khaparde, Daulat G. Gajghate and Mouktik A. Bawase

The study analyses the chemical composition and estimations of the sources contributing to PM2.5­ Nagpur City. The study concluded that the concentration of PM2.5 in Nagpur city were exceeding the NAAQS promulgated by the CPCB. The major contributor to PM2.5 is the Vehicular emission followed by secondary aerosol.

https://aaqr.org/articles/aaqr-13-04-oa-0130.pdf

 

Organisation Study

  • Urban Emissions under the their programme Air Pollution Knowledge Assessment (APnA), 2017, have conducted source apportionment study for the city of Nagpur

Urban Emission an organisation founded and headed by Sarath Guttikunda, did a study under their Air Pollution Knowledge Assessment (APnA) city program. Nagpur has one Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitors, but the suggests that for efficient Air Quality monitoring the city needs at least 22 continuous air monitoring stations. The key pollution contributor is the industrial sector.

https://urbanemissions.info/

 

  1. Pervious Year Trend
  • Maharashtra Pollution Control Board while preparing an Air Quality Report every year also includes the trends of the different components of that contribute to the Air Pollution

https://mpcb.gov.in/focus-area/reports-documents/air

A. City-specific studies

  • Unknown Hurdles to a Trillion Dollar Economy: Solving Air Pollution in Maharashtra, Carbon Info, August 2019, Complied by Anoop Poonia.

The report shows an overview of air quality status and sources of air pollution in the State of Maharashtra including Nagpur. It also chalks out reforms which would be needed to implemented to achieve the 30% reduction goal set in National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

https://carboncopy.info/wp-content/uploads/Maha-Air-Pollution_27_08_2019.pdf

 

  • Clearing the Air: Highlighting Actions to Reduce Air Pollution in India, National Research Defense Council (NRDC) and Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, February 2019

The report highlights key regions in India that are taking actions to improve air quality and protect public health, this includes the city of Nagpur, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Raipur, Pune, Bengaluru, and Chennai. The report also suggest recommendation to reduce air pollution.

https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/clearing-air-reduce-air-pollution-india-fs.pdf

 

  • The health burden and economic costs averted by PM5 pollution reductions in Nagpur, India, Environment International, Volume 102, May 2017 – Tunde O. Etchie, Saravanadevi Sivanesan, Gregory O. Adewuyi, Kannan Krishnamurthi, Padma S. Rao, Ayotunde T. Etchie, Ajay Pillarisetti, Narendra K. Arora, Kirk R. Smith

The study analyses the impact of PM2.5 on health and how it also influences the economy. The study has been conducted in 9 areas of Nagpur, covering urban, peri-urban and rural environments, from February 2013 to June 2014. The estimates revealed substantial PM2.5-related health burden and economic loss in 2013, with increasing trend owing to future changes in population demography. In order to obtain optimum health and economic benefits however, immediate priority should be given to pollution sources that lead to the greatest level of exposure and adverse health effects. In this case, we recommend the total phasing-out of solid fuel use for cooking and heating in Nagpur district by 2023, alongside effective waste collection and disposal system and a comprehensive approach for reducing vehicular, industrial and construction emissions.

https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53856e1ee4b00c6f1fc1f602/t/5b7ced506d2a73947ed3a4a3/1534913874536/The+health+burden+and+economic+costs+averted+by+ambient+PM2.5+pollution+reductions+in+Nagpur+India.pdf

 

  • Human health risk assessment due to air pollution in 10 urban cities in Maharashtra, India, Cogent Environmental Science, Volume 2 Issue 1, June 2016 – Kamal Jyoti Maji, Anil Kumar Dikshit and Ashok Deshpande

The study assesses human health risk in 10 cities in Maharashtra in terms of mortality and morbidity due to three critical pollutants. The results show that excess number of mortality and morbidity in Nagpur, Thane, Aurangabad, Kolhapur and Chandrapur. The study shows the importance of evaluation and assessment of health impacts of air quality on a local scale to protect the environment.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311843.2016.1193110

 

  • Study of Air Quality Index of Particulate Matter in Ambient Air of West Nagpur Zone, India, Journal of Scientific Research and Development, January 2016 – Saurav Jyoti Parasor and Buddharatna J Godboley.

The study was an attempt to find the quality of the ambient air in the West Nagpur Zone. Analytical results show average RSPM concentration in residential, commercial, and industrial areas for winter and summer season does not exceed the NAAQS standards. Again considering the average concentrations of RSPM for all three locations it was found that the Air quality index (AQI) for winter and summer season, the residential area comes under good category i.e. varying between 0-50 µg/m3, the commercial area comes under moderate category i.e. varying between 51-100 µg/m3 during winter and under good category during summer while the industrial area comes under moderate category in both winter and summer season.

http://www.ijsrd.com/articles/IJSRDV4I21796.pdf

 

  • Contribution and Variation of Air Pollutants in Industrial Area of Nagpur, India, International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, Volume 6 Issue 1, January 2015 – Amruta Anjikar, Vishal Soni, Pravin Meshram and Animesh Kumar Garg

The study analyses the contribution of various air pollutants in the industrial area of Nagpur for the period from September 2010 to February 2011. The main contributor was seen to be Suspended Particulate Matter. It also shows the seasonal variation of the air pollutants. The study suggests and recommends certain measures to control air pollution from industries.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306060657_CONTRIBUTION_AND_VARIATION_OF_AIR_POLLUTANTS_IN_INDUSTRIAL_AREA_OF_NAGPUR_INDIA

 

  • Source Identification of Different Size Fraction of PM10 using Factor Analysis at residential cum commercial area of Nagpur City, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, October 2011 – P.P. Pipalatkar, D.G. Gajghate and V.V. Kharparde

The study analyses the Particulate size distribution of PM10 and associated trace metal concentrations carried out in residential cum commercial area of Mahal at Nagpur City. The average concentration of PM10 and fine particulate matter was found to be 300 and 136.7 µg/m3 respectively which was exceeding the limit of the Central Pollution Control Board.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00128-011-0445-2

 

  • Heavy metal pollution of ambient air in Nagpur City, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, June 2011 – Pramod R. Chaudhari, Rakhi Gupta, Daulat Ghilagi Gajghate and Satish R. Wate

The paper analyses the ambient air quality monitoring to study the temporal and special pattern in the distribution of PM10 and associated heavy metal content in the atmosphere of Nagpur, Maharashtra State, India during 2001 as well as in 2006. PM10 fraction was observed to exceed the stipulated standards in both years. It was also observed that minimum range of PM10 was observed to be increased in 2006 indicating increase in human activity during night-time also.

Total load of heavy metals was found to be increased in 2006 with prominent increase in zinc, lead, and nickel in the environment. Public health impacts of heavy metals as well as certain preventive measures to mitigate the impact of heavy metals on public health are also summarized.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10661-011-2133-4

 

  1. News articles
  • Inter – agency coordination, quality info must for air action plan, The Times of India, 11th July, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/inter-agency-coordination-quality-info-must-for-air-action-plan/articleshow/76901639.cms

 

  • Kids exposed to toxic air at school: Study, The Times of India, 5th July, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/kids-exposed-to-toxic-air-at-school-study/articleshow/76791743.cms

 

  • City’s clean air plan doesn’t contain information on sources of pollution, The Hitavada, 6th July, 2020

https://www.thehitavada.com/Encyc/2020/7/6/-City-s-clean-air-plan-doesn-t-contain-information-on-sources-of-pollution-.html

  • 793 Crore allocated for Six Cities in Maharashtra to Fight Air Pollution, Mumbai Live, 2nd July, 2020

https://www.mumbailive.com/en/environment/rs-793-crore-allocated-for-six-cities-in-maharashtra-to-fight-air-pollution-52160

 

  • City’s air action plan lacks sources of pollution: Analysis, The Times of India, 30th June, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/citys-air-action-plan-lacks-sources-of-pollution-analysis/articleshow/76699612.cms

 

  • Lockdown cleaned up air, #SaalBhar60 aims to maintain it, The Times of India, 6th June, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/lockdown-cleaned-up-air-saalbhar60-aims-to-maintain-it/articleshow/76224668.cms

 

  • Maha cities see rise in ozone levels during lockdown: National Clean Air Programme Tracker, Hindustan Times, 28th May 2020

https://www.hindustantimes.com/mumbai-news/maha-cities-see-rise-in-ozone-levels-during-lockdown-nat-l-clean-air-programme/story-w2vQpPvZJsKZHVDl2LaREO.html

 

  • Power plant pollutants change with wind direction: NEERI, The Times of India, 21st April, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/power-plant-pollutants-change-with-wind-direction-neeri/articleshow/75260546.cms

 

  • Nagpur air gets cleaner after lockdown, finds NEERI study, The Hitavada, 19th April, 2020

https://www.thehitavada.com/Encyc/2020/4/19/Nagpur-air-gets-cleaner-after-lockdown-finds-NEERI-study.html

 

  • Air Pollution in Maharashtra sees significant drop during Covid – 19 lockdown, Hindustan Times, 18th April, 2020

https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/air-pollution-in-maharashtra-sees-significant-drop-during-covid-19-lockdown/story-6Jw2CLVrLJJA7wA8xUiiJO.html

 

  • City’s air quality improves amid lockdown, The Hitavada, 1st April, 2020

https://www.thehitavada.com/Encyc/2020/4/1/City-s-air-quality-improves-amid-lockdown.html

 

  • Lockdown improves Nagpur’s Air Quality, Nagpur Oranges, 1st April, 2020

https://nagpuroranges.com/lockdown-improves-nagpurs-air-quality/#gsc.tab=0

 

  • Nagpur breathes fresh as lockdown delivers cleaner air, The Times of India, 24th March 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/city-breathes-fresh-as-lockdown-delivers-cleaner-air/articleshow/74783148.cms

 

  • In 4 weeks, faux lungs turn grey in less polluted area, The Times of India, 22nd March 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/in-4-weeks-faux-lungs-turn-grey-in-less-polluted-area/articleshow/74751432.cms

 

  • If these lungs turn black, beware of air you breathe, The Times of India, 24th February, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/if-these-lungs-turn-black-beware-of-air-you-breathe/articleshow/74273818.cms

 

  • 63% industries in district highly polluting: Data, The Times of India, 11th February, 2020

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/63-industries-in-dist-highly-polluting-data/articleshow/74071052.cms

 

  • Air Quality too good to be true, says experts, The Times of India, 17th December, 2019

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/air-quality-too-good-to-be-true-says-experts/articleshow/72781504.cms

 

  • City part of global campaign to fight air pollution, The Times of India, 6th December, 2019

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/city-part-of-global-campaign-to-fight-air-pollution/articleshow/72391215.cms

 

  • 80 percent of buses in Nagpur running on Bio – CNG: Nitin Gadkari, Financial Express, 27th November, 2019

https://www.financialexpress.com/auto/car-news/nagpur-buses-bio-cng-nitin-gadkari-air-pollution-cng-morth/1777298/

 

  • Nagpur’s air quality worsens: City records highest Benzene concentration in the state, The Live Nagpur, 18th November 2019

https://thelivenagpur.com/2019/11/18/nagpurs-air-quality-worsens-city-records-highest-benzene-concentration-in-the-state/

 

  • City Civic Body NMC to take action on hazardous air pollution, Nagpur Oranges, 15th November, 2019

https://nagpuroranges.com/city-civic-body-nmc-to-take-control-on-hazardous-air-pollution/#gsc.tab=0

 

  • Civic body moves in to control air pollution, The Times of India, 15th November, 2019

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/civic-body-moves-in-to-control-air-pollution/articleshow/72061401.cms

 

  • In last four Diwlais, Nagpurians breathed the cleanest air this year, The Times of India, 3rd November, 2019

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/in-last-4-diwalis-nagpurians-breathed-the-cleanest-air-this-year/articleshow/71869093.cms

 

  • 3,622 crores: Price Nagpur citizens paid for air pollution, The Times of India, 12th October, 2019

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/rs-3622-cr-price-citizens-paid-for-air-pollution/articleshow/71544893.cms

 

  • Air Pollution: Not only Delhi, Nagpur too has high emissions, Nagpur Today, 19th July, 2019

https://www.nagpurtoday.in/air-pollution-not-only-delhi-nagpur-too-has-high-emmisions/07191213

 

  • NGO to help NMC frame air quality action plan under Smart City project, The Times of India, 4th December, 2017

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/ngo-to-help-nmc-frame-air-quality-action-plan-under-smart-city-project/articleshow/61907311.cms

 

  • Nagpur air quality bad due to thermal power station, The Times of India, 18th October, 2016

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/nagpur/Nagpur-air-quality-bad-due-to-thermal-power-stations/articleshow/54906072.cms

A. Communication Portal for local government (e – governance)

  • Maharashtra Pollution Control Board has a Mobile Application ‘e- Catalyst’ which provides information on the initiatives taken up by them towards sustainability. It also displays Air Quality Index, gives insights on the directions passed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Central Pollution Control Board, and the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=in.gov.mpcb.mpcbapp

A. CAST Study 

B. Technical Knowledge Sharing

A. Way Forward 

B. Tool Kit 

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