A CLEAN AIR ASIA INDIA INITIATIVE
The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) encompasses a range of measures to simultaneously advance India’s development and climate change-related objectives.
The NCAP was amended on the basis of available inputs available from consultations and meetings conducted by the MoEFCC. The final inter-ministerial meeting involving the key ministries, states and experts was held on 9th October 2018 and the redrafted NCAP document was unanimously approved.
The Central Pollution Control Board (Ministry of Environment & forests, Govt. of India) has taken-up a project for setting up Continuous Real Time Air Quality Monitoring Stations in 17 cities for which an Action Plan is being prepared by SPCBs and state governments to Control Air Pollution. In order to prepare the detailed technical specifications of the equipment/instruments, Competent Authority of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) constituted a committee including outside experts from IIT, Delhi, NEERI, Nagpur. NPL New Delhi, CSIO, Chandigarh.
The Honourable Supreme Court of India directed an interim ban on the registration of diesel vehicles above 2000cc in the Delhi NCR region in 2016 from Jan1 to March 31,2016. Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises plead the central government to vacate the ban, contending that central government was ready to conduct a “multi-pronged study” on the effect of diesel on the environment and the possibility of imposing a green cess on diesel vehicles.
In order to combat air pollution, Niti Aayog released a 15-point action plan to address air pollution in Indian cities. The cities are Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Varanasi, Patna, Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Gurugram, and Muzaffarpur.
In 2015 the government of Delhi launched a ar free day campaign called “Ab bus Karein” to be observed on 22n of each month since 22nd October 2015.
In 1982, The government of India established an Environmental Information System as a plan programme. The focus of ENVIS since inception has been on providing environmental information to decision makers, policy planners, scientists and engineers, research workers, etc. all over the country.
The Supreme Court in 2015 ordered to levy the green tax on commercial vehicles entering the Capital on an experimental basis a bid to curb air pollution in the national capital by discouraging such vehicles from using city roads to avoid tolls on alternate roads.
ICAMP is a partnership that draws on the scientific, technical, and policy expertise of academic and government partners, including The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California at San Diego (SIO-UCSD), and California Air Resources Board (CARB) to reduce road transport pollution. It lays out a practical strategy to reduce air pollution in India. It will help to improve air quality in India, and reduce the deleterious effects of air pollution on death and disease rates, crop yields, and global temperatures – while continuing to grow India’s economy.
The government has formulated the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) as a medium-term national-level strategy to tackle the increasing air pollution problem across the country in a comprehensive manner. The overall objective is to augment and evolve an effective ambient air quality monitoring network across the country besides ensuring a comprehensive management plan for prevention, control, and abatement of air pollution. The NCAP focuses on a collaborative and participatory approach covering all sources of pollution and coordination between relevant Central Ministries, State Governments, local bodies and other stakeholders.
The Government of NCT of Delhi had implemented the Odd-Even scheme from 1 st to 15th January 2016 with the objective of reducing air pollution in Delhi. The Odd-Even scheme applied to four-wheeler passenger/private Cars. Privately owned cars were restricted on alternate days based on the last digit (odd/even) of the registration number. The public transport buses, two wheelers, trucks, CNG operated passenger/private cars, three-wheelers were exempted from the scheme. In addition, cars driven by women were also exempted apart from a select number of VIP and emergency vehicles.
The report includes the assessment of the Odd-Even scheme on air Delhi’s quality
The following CPCB website provides the air quality data in tabular and graph format for certain cities where Continuous Air Quality Monitoring Stations have been installed. The data provided is AQI at intervals of 15 minutes, 30 minutes, hourly, 4 hours, 8 hours ,24 hours and the annual average data for various air quality parameters such as PM10, PM2.5, NOx etc.
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The UrbAirInda is an integrated web based GIS enabled system for Indian urban air quality management. It provides science based decisions for reduction of air pollution. It is an expert system that deals with various components of air quality management.